… RECOMMENDATIONS: The “TRIPLE TEST” FOR WORLD LEADERS:
*TRIPLE TEST: Overall, I recommend world leaders & CEO’s undergo a “Triple Test” when deciding any major policy that affects significant numbers of people, animals or the Earth.. The Triple Test is a set of three tests including: the Legality, the Morality & the Psychology of any public decision. I recommend an International panel oversee world leaders such as in America & that this panel monitor the impact these leaders have on economic, political, social & environmental systems.
*Psychological Testing: An example of a Psychological Tests for Leaders is: Albert Ellis’ Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT) -
see on wikipedia – method of “ABC” questions to determine: The rationality of thinking, the degree of emotional disturbance & behavioral issues. (55) Other psychology tests that could be used to evaluate leaders include: Psychometric testing (56), Personality Disorder testing (57), the Myers-Briggs testing (58) & Rorschach testing (59)
*TRANSFORMATION: Will President Obama, BP & the Oil industry undergo an Aldo Leopold (60) & a Deep ecology (61) transformation as the result of this Gulf of Mexico tragedy? Aldo Leopold described man’s transformation in stating: “A land ethic changes the role of Homo sapiens from conqueror of the land (to) … (a) plain member & citizen of it. It implies respect for … the (Earth) community”. (62)
*PSYCHOLOGICAL DISORDERS OF LEADERS:
- 1. NARCISSISM: Key features of Narcissism according the DSM criteria include: “A grandiose sense of Self-importance, a need for admiration & a lack of empathy.” “This pattern of self-centered or Egotistical behavior is not caused by drugs or alcohol use, head injury, acute psychotic episodes or any other illness”. “Narcissists use other people to get what they want without caring about the cost to the other people”. (Narcissists & their lack of empathy show) “No concern for others’ distress” (63) Ego definition: “An inflated feeling of pride in your superiority to others”. (64) Review of the facts shows evidence of Narcissism & Ego as contributory factors in the Gulf of Mexico Oil spill.
- 2. AGGRESSIVE Disorders: e.g. Aggressive Wars (65) such as the Iraq War for Oil. U.S. history shows evidence of anger towards enemies & resultant violence.
- Anger definition: “A strong feeling of displeasure, hostility or antagonism towards someone … usually combined with an urge to harm”. (66) Violence definition: “Action intended to cause destruction, pain or suffering”. (67)
- 3. GREEDY CONSUMERISM: e.g. Addiction to Oil & Autoculture.
- 4. HIGH RISK BEHAVIOR & RECKLESS DISREGARD for the Safety of Humans, Animals or the Earth. “Studies now indicate that the inclination to take high risks … may offer such a thrill that it functions like an addiction”. “Research has … revealed the darker side of risk taking. High-risk takers … (are) more likely to abuse drugs, gamble, committ crimes & (to) be promiscuous”. (68) “Sensation-seeking is the pursuit of novel & intense experiences without regard for physical, social, legal or financial risk. … Scientists have discovered some similarities between the brains of drug users & high sensation-seeking athletes”. “Adolescent males are the most likely subset of the population to partake in risky behaviors. This is because in adolescent males the brain’s reward system develops long before the inhibitory system” — Resulting in a failure to consider consequences & to restrain oneself from risky behavior. (69) An example of high risk behavior is failure to apply the Precautionary Principle when engaging in a risky activity. “The precautionary principle states that if an action or policy has a suspected risk of causing harm to the public or to the environment, in the absence of scientific consensus that the action or policy is harmful, the burden of proof that it is Not harmful falls on those taking the action”. Also, there is “A need by decision-makers to anticipate harm before it occurs”. (70) The Gulf of Mexico Oil spill leaders show features of these high-risk takers including a lack of inhibitory control.
- 5. MACHO GROUPTHINK ATTITUDE: Grossinger states in the book Abu Ghraib: The Politics of Torture: “When slaughterhouse workers in West Virginia are filmed stomping on live chickens for fun, flinging them against the wall, strangling them with latex gloves while hamming it up, squeezing birds till they explode, & ripping off their heads for a pen to (write) graffiti in blood, how far are we (Americans & the human race) from hell itself? … Why wouldn’t the same arrogant, sociopathic treatment of (living beings) be transferred from commercial fowl to … prisoners of war (e.g. in Abu Ghraib)”. (71) I would like to extrapolate Grossinger’s question to ask: Why wouldn’t the same arrogant, sociopathic treatment of living beings by violent people be transferred from commercial fowl to the Deepwater Horizon workers & the Gulf of Mexico ecosystems?
- 6. ANTHROPOCENTRISM & Environment Denial & Animal Denial – Similar to Holocaust Denial. i.e. Homo Sapien Self-Centeredness dominates the world at the risk of Animals & the Environment.
- 7. DENIAL: Definition: “Refusing to acknowledge painful or overwhelming external circumstances; Avoiding the facts or minimizing the consequences. …(Denial can become) a maladaptive or harmful response”. (72) America is in denial of it’s addiction to Oil.
- 8. FEARS, Phobias, Awfulizing: e.g. The Interstate Highway System was developed not only for private & commercial transportation, but also as part of a “National defense system” — to serve for “Transport routes for military supplies & troop deployments in case of an emergency or (a) foreign invasion”. (73) Have America’s fears of a foreign invasion created an expensive oil-dependant interstate highway system – When a national train/railway system would be more economically & environmentally reasonable?
- 9. THE BUDDY, BUDDY SYSTEM: e.g. U.S. Presidents & Corporate America.
- 10. DELUSIONS OF GRANDEUR.
SOCIETAL COLLAPSE, Poor Leadership, Human Overpopulation & Consumption: … (full huge long text).