(page 4/16): … 1. Information from experts:
- In 2005, UNICEF and Terre des Femmes published the result of a survey which was distributed to gynaecologist working in Germany. 83 out of 493 doctors stated that they have obtained information about the mutilation of girls who are living here. Information were given that the practice of mutilation is evenly divided: in Africa (e.g. on vacation) as well as in Germany. Human rights organizations (e.g. Terre des Femmes and INTACT) get concrete information from the population on planned or already practised mutilations on girls living in Germany6.
2. Statements from affected women:
- Women living in Germany who themselves were victims of FGM when they were children, report about huge familiar and social pressure, in which the mothers are forced to continue the mutilation practice on their daughters in Germany as well7. Furthermore, first hand information were obtained from women who have direct access to the African communities living in Germany because of their ethnic background. They report that FGM is predominantly planned and practised during vacation.
3. Experiences from neighbouring European countries:
- In seven European countries (Belgium, Denmark, Great Britain, Italy, Spain, Sweden, and Norway), the act of female genital mutilation has expressively been declared as a crime. This fact shows the acknowledgement of the relevance of FGM in these countries. The conviction of mutilators and parents by the dozens in France (following the laws being in force there) speaks for itself.
- An extensive study on FGM in Austria8 concretely confirms the practice of female genital mutilation in Austria. Two results should be mentioned here: More than a third of the daughters of the participants already were mutilated. More are to come because people partly said that their daughters were „too young“ for it at the time of the study. Almost 10 percent of the mutilations among the girls that live in Austria identified in this study were conducted in Germany or Holland … //
… V. Final remarks (page 15/16):
- Not only the legal justification but also the ethical duty to this protection programme can be found in the German Basic Law, in the ECHR, in the Convention for the Rights of Children of the UN, and in the Declaration of Human Rights.
- The implementation of this programme will instantly guarantee sustained, extensive, and real protection for all girls at risk.
- It is transparent for all persons involved.
- It provides the possibility to publicize material and to educate and inform people during the medical checkups. This will support the essential process of changing attitudes, imaginations, and actions.
- This programme provides – for the first time – a suitable frame in which all practitioners can be convinced of the necessity to stop these practices.
- Furthermore, increased attention needs to be paid to the victims of genital mutilations, so that they can be provided with treatment and rehabilitation – including operations to reconstruct their genitals and psychological care to deal with their traumas – in the best way possible.