Finding Punt: Africa’s last, lost great civilization is in Eritrea

Published on Intrepid Report, by Thomas C. Mountain, May 23, 2012.

After many years of often rancorous debate, Africa’s last, lost, great civilization, The Land of Punt, has been proven to be located in the modern East African country of Eritrea.

Using laboratory analysis of Baboon mummies from Punt found in ancient burials in Egypt, scientists have conclusively established that the nearest relatives to the Punt baboons are found in Eritrea on the Red Sea. The closest relatives were found in the hills behind the modern port city of Massawa, which lies at the mouth of Zula Bay behind which can be found the ruins of the ancient city empire of Adulis.

In Africa’s Nile Valley civilization known today as Egypt, the Land of Punt was frequently written of as “Punt, the land of the gods.”

From Punt came, amongst other precious goods, Frankincense and Myrrh, which when combined with onycha, styrax benzoine, and operculom shell found only along Eritrea’s coastline, were used to create the sacred incense used in Egyptian (and Hebrew) temples. Myrrh oil was used to anoint the bodies of the Pharaohs, a requirement for their souls to pass into the afterlife.

From Punt came other trade goods of high value, such as gold (from the highlands of the northern African Rift Mountains), salt (still harvested in Massawa and used as currency in much of the region in not so ancient times) and ebony and ivory (ebony wood is found at its furthest point north in East Africa in Eritrea’s western lowlands where even today a herd of elephants still roam).

Such was the prestige of Punt that the female Pharaoh Hatshepsut sent a flotilla of ships there during her reign in the 18th dynasty that some historians claim was an attempt to legitimize a female head of state in ancient Egypt by linking her rule with this most ancient and sacred of lands.

Though the ancient libraries of Africa’s Nile Valley were destroyed by order of the Emperor of Rome in the 4th century a.d. (the burning of the Library of Africa, a.k.a. the Library of Alexandria, the greatest destruction of knowledge in the history of mankind) records of Punt going back to the 4/5th Egyptian dynasties remain.

Punt is again found mentioned in the 12th dynasty and, of course, found carved into the walls of the Temple of Hatshepsut on the Nile River from the glorious 18th dynasty, where frankincense and myrrh were planted upon the return of the mission.

In later periods, Punt became the center of a major maritime trade between, first, Greece and then Rome … //

… One must not forget that before the rise of Islam, Christianity spread across East Africa from Egypt in the north, to the pre-Islamic Christian kingdoms of Meroe and Napata (found in present day Sudan, both of which successfully resisted the military invasion of the Islamic armies from the north for hundreds of years) across the Ethiopian highlands to the Christian city empire of Adulis on the southern Red Sea coast.

Time will bring more discoveries and more discoveries will certainly bring more light to Africa’s last, lost, great civilization, Punt, land of the gods. (full long text).

Links on en.wikipedia about Punt:

  • Puntland: … officially the Puntland State of Somalia … s a region in northeastern Somalia, centered on Garowe in the Nugaal province. Its leaders declared the territory an autonomous state in 1998 … The name “Puntland” is derived from the Land of Punt mentioned by ancient Egyptian sources. The exact location of the fabled territory is still a mystery. Many studies suggest that the Land of Punt was located in present-day Somalia,[8][9] while others propose that it was situated elsewhere …
  • Land of Punt: The Land of Punt, also called Pwenet, or Pwene[1] by the ancient Egyptians, was a trading partner known for producing and exporting gold, aromatic resins, African blackwood, ebony, ivory, slaves and wild animals.[2] Information about Punt has been found in ancient Egyptian records of trade missions to this region.
    At times Punt is referred to as Ta netjer, the “land of the god”.
    The exact location of Punt is still debated by historians. Most scholars today believe Punt was located to the south-east of Egypt, most likely on the littoral of the Horn of Africa in what is today northern Somalia, Djibouti, Eritrea and the Red Sea coast of Sudan.[4] However, some scholars point instead to a range of ancient inscriptions which locate Punt in the Arabian Peninsula …
  • Eritrea;
  • Somalia;

Other Links:

  • Irene Brügger-Hodel ist eine Schweizer Musikerin und Schauspielerin. Sie tritt seit 2007 unter dem Pseudonym Frölein Da Capo auf. Ihre Webseite: Frölen Da Capo, Einfrauenorchester;
  • Frölein Da Capo: Elfrieda & Kurt, 4.16 min, 10. April 2011, … und noch mehr videos auf ihrem Blog (klick auf Videos);
  • Frölein Da Capo’s songs, February 16, 2012;
  • Ein Sommersandtraum – OmU Trailer, 1.43: Trailer zum Film EIN SOMMERSANDTRAUM (Der Sandmann) … EIN SOMMERSANDTRAUM ist eine romantische Liebeskomödie voller Witz und Tücke … ist wahres Feelgood-Kino;
  • Irene Brügger: Ich sehe keinen Grund, wegzuziehen, Aargauer Zeitung, von von Silvia Schaub, 13. Januar 2011: Auf der Bühne ist sie das kecke Frölein Da Capo, zu Hause mag es Irene Brügger (31) bodenständig und rustikal. Die Musikerin wohnt auf einem Bauernhof ob Willisau, wo schon ihr Ururururgrossvater lebte ….

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