Is political sovereignty possiblewithout energy sovereignty?

The energy revolution as a path to a peaceful future? On Daniele Ganser’s book “Europa im Erdölrausch. Die Folgen einer gefährlichen Abhängigkeit (Europe in the oil rush. The consequences of a dangerous dependency)” – Published on Current Concerns, by Tobias Salander, historian, January 14, 2013.

… More wars for oil – or peaceful energy transition?  

  • While the cost of a barrel of oil was at a constant $ 2 between 1950 and 1960, it had already risen to $ 10 in 1999, but then in 2008 it cost the hitherto unimaginable sum of $ 148! Although the price dropped slightly recently, it remains at a high level, which contradicts current price development models and happened for the first time in the history of oil production. This means that in 2008 the IEA published the dire warning that the production was declining in many places simultaneously to rising global demand: an unsolved problem!
  • Because of these unambiguous facts and with regard to the dark current of human history, a history that on the one hand is rich in pro-humane processes, people and communities – just think of Elinor Ostrom’s work on the cooperatives and the UN Year of Cooperatives in 2012, not to mention the co-operative structure of the peace model Switzerland – on the other hand, however, it shows human baseness, man’s deficit relation to human nature, culminating in the greed for money, power and sexual perversion: Mindful of this background Daniele Ganser hypothesizes and proves with innumerable documents that the wars the US and European countries are waging today, after the collapse of the Soviet Union, are wars to capture oil – and not at all for humanitarian causes.
  • Or, how did Western corporations regain the third-largest oil reserves? Keyword: Iraq war in 2003. How did the largest oil reserves in Africa return to the descendants of the seven sisters, the big Western oil companies such as those of the families Rockefeller and Rothschild? Keyword: Libya war in 2011. And is Syria going to be involved in a war for gas?
  • Ganser adds for consideration that we in the West would like to block out the fact that others get killed for oil. His cleanly-documented evidence will however make future blocking out impossible. And that is precisely the author’s concern: to bring about a shift in consciousness, because without it the energy transition will not be possible, and certainly not with the old barbaric methods of war and violence. The four non-renewable energy sources: oil, gas, coal and uranium are to be replaced by the 6 renewable ones, namely solar, hydro, wind, biomass, biogas, and Geothermics. According to WWF Switzerland, an energy transition of 100 percent will be feasible by 2050.

Our age is merely a fossil intermezzo:

  • After looking into the geology and history of the past 2,000 years, which are an exciting read as they are written in a way easy to understand and are therefore best suited for high school students, Ganser summarizes: Today we live in a fossil-energy rush and have forgotten that energy was once scarce and very expensive! In the last 200 years, Europe has consumed fossil fuels which are finite – the dark sides were however blocked out!
  • From a historical point of view, our age was only a “fossil Intermezzo”, which, however, brought a kind of mobility for many people, which in medieval times was not even possible for kings!
  • Apart from the description of the formation of large integrated companies such as Standard Oil, Royal Dutch Shell, British Petroleum, Total and Eni, at a later stage the state corporations of OPEC countries like Saudi Aramco etc, Ganser also provides a work, which has been long awaited: Integrated into the history of the black gold is the Swiss history that includes a beneficial factual presentation of the Confederation’s geostrategic position, especially during the two great wars of the 20th century.

Coal and oil as means of blackmail – an implicit disproof of the Bergier Report:

  • Ganser shows crystal clear that both during the greatest disaster of human history, World War II, as well as during the killings of World War I, Switzerland was in the stranglehold of the belligerent powers. The country was blackmailed by the British and the French at an early point in time, and later by the US, but also by the Nazis. All warring parties mentioned that the small, neutral Switzerland could become a security flaw and might pass on its tediously imported products to the enemy. A Swiss citizen may dislike to read that Switzerland’s economic sovereignty was lost in World War I, when the British and the French dictated trade as it suited them – especially in view of the current situation, when it is surrounded by a crisis-ridden European Union and Germany as a neighbor adopting outrageous tones and playing a power game reminiscent of unpleasant times. The double twist knot in World War II, the rigorous austerity measures of war economy, the dark and cold homes, the power of King Coal, then still less the power of black gold – all of Ganser’s explanations allow a reconstruction of events which a Bergier Report had not only made impossible but even fought against in its ideological thrust. Without mentioning Bergier’s name – an exemplary approach, since Bergier’s miserable Secret Service construct is not worth the paper on which it was printed – Ganser’s factual presentation acts as an antidote, which clarifies our heads, unravels the minds and clearly points out: without their tough negotiating the Swiss would either have frozen or starved to death. And what authors like Charles Higham (“Treading with the enemy”), Herbert Reginbogin (“Hitler, der Westen und die Schweiz”), Alberto Codevilla (“Eidgenossenschaft in Bedrängnis”) and others made plain (see also Current Concerns No. 38/39 of 17 September 2012): Without the supply of petroleum and its derivatives as anti-knock agents and others, Mussolini would have had to stop his Ethiopian aggression after a week, and Hitler’s tank armies with their “blitzkrieg” tactics would long have come to a halt for lack of fuel. However, they were supplied as long as they needed Hitler to bleed Stalin to death, and when Rommel was to advance towards Baku, the fuel reserves suddenly ran out, because the British fleet sank the German tankers in the Mediterranean.
  • The Second World War seen from the perspective of oil – a war different from the one we find in recent history books.

Oil and the bullets fired in Sarajevo, oil and Pearl Harbor:

  • After the First World War, the British Lord Curzon stated, “The Allied cause had floated to victory upon a wave of oil”4, and Stalin gave three cheers to the US oil industry in a toast with Churchill and said, “The war was decided by engines and octane”.5 On the other hand, Hitler had stated early: “To fight, we must have oil for our engines.” And: “Unless we get the Baku oil, the war is lost.”6
  • Ganser states that the role of oil was strongly underestimated not only in the First but also in the Second World War: fighting alongside the United States had meant to have enough oil – and to win.
  • With the help of his sources and descriptions Ganser gets very close to various events that are circumvented as far as possible in history books for schools:
  • Of course, the famous bullet was fired in Sarajevo – but it is plausibly laid out that Serbia was the only link in the chain with which the British – in order to secure their world power, i.e. to master the oil routes with their fleet – could prevent the German efforts to transport oil from Iraq via the Berlin-Baghdad Railway – which allows further conclusions …
  • With respect to Pearl Harbor Ganser gives Robert Stinnett a chance to speak, who was operating from 1942 to 1946 in the US Navy: according to him, Roosevelt deliberately provoked Japan with the oil embargo in order to lead the United States into the war as an alleged victim of aggression. The President “was forced to find circuitous means to persuade an isolationist America to join in a fight for freedom.”7 Stinnett’s book is the best funded and most comprehensive study on Pearl Harbor.

When oil is considered some events must be viewed in a different light:

  • The abundance of information in Ganser’s book cannot be fully appreciated here. I just want to mention other treasures from his work in the form of chapter titles:
  • “The rise of Saudi Arabia and Saudi Aramco”, “The overthrow of the Iranian government by the USA in 1953”, “The Suez Crisis and the fear of supply interruptions”, “The construction of pipelines in the US and Europe”, “The Italian oil company ENI and the death of Enrico Mattei”, “The construction of the Central European Pipeline CEL across the Alps”, “The construction of the Trans Alpine Pipeline TAL by Austria”, “The power of the cartels”, “The Seven Sisters and the cartel of Achnacarry”, “The billions in profits of the oil companies”, “The formation of OPEC in 1960”, “The first oil crisis in 1973”, etc, etc.
  • And this way it goes on to the Club of Rome, the second oil crisis, the Gulf Wars, 9/11 and the recent wars up to the war in Libya. Elderly people will experience one or the other déjà vu effect when reading this chapter, they are perhaps even more shocked by the criminal activity of the Western actors, while younger readers who were in their kindergarten age at the time of 9/11 can get an idea of the events that shaped their childhood and adolescence without them being able so far to understand all this due to their age.

1973 Oil Crisis: US-staged against the background of US Peak Oil: … //

… (full long text).


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